Wednesday, September 10, 2014

Second to none!

One objective - three teams

As is often the case with good ideas, several teams have them at the same time. For the circumnavigation of the Greenland icecap, this is no different. Already the Norvegian team pioneering the route from Narsaq in the south to Qaanaaq in the north on skis  in 2005 gave it a thought to return all the way back home. Once a few more teams had successfully repeated this trip, the possibility to efficiently use catabatic wind systems for long distance kiting in Greenland was taken for granted. By extrapolation, it appeared only logic, that a circumnavigation of the entire icecap should be possible. And soon, the idea was hovering around in the small community of polar kiters.

It took some time until somebody made a move, until finally this year not one, but three teams announced that they would attempt the first circumnavigation of the Greenland Icecap!
Make sure to visit the websites of the other teams!

Different choices - different achievements

Each of the three teams had their very own approach, different starting points, different equipment and their own solutions to the challenges of this gigantic endeavour. And each team was facing the unknown. In the end, all three expeditions were a success and each team has its own achievements:

  • Dixie and Eric were first and foremost: 'first'. First to set out and first to close their circle of 4045 km, enclosing about 34 percent of the Icecap.
  • We came in second. With 5067 km Wings Over Greenland II became the longest unsupported ride ever. And including approximately 51 percent of the icecap surface makes it the most complete of the three circumnavigations.
  • Trineo de Viento / Inuit Windsled certainly had the most innovative approach with their windsled allowing them to kite round the clock and to ferry a huge payload. And in the end they were the fastest, finished in the shortest time had the longest day of the three expeditions witha leg of 427 km! Short of the 'South Dome' they still rounded about 30 percent of the icecap.

Circumnavigated surface in percent of the entire Greenland ice sheet.
a) Wings over Greenland II: 51% b) Greenlad Ice 2014: 34% c) Tierras Polares 2014: 30%.

Comparative table. Three teams, one goal. Three different approaches. Each has their own achievements.

Coast to coast!

The three expeditions had chosen  different starting points, and logistics to reach the icecap.

  • Greenland Ice opted for a Helicopter drop-off on Greenspeed Ridge, close to Ammassalik, frequently used as a starting point for classic east-west crossings.
  • Trineo de Viento flew their team of five and huge amount of gear by plane from Kangerlussuaq onto the icecap.
  • We absolutely wanted to rely on minimal logistics only, and it meant a lot to us to start and finish at sea level. We therefore chose transport by small boats from Narsaq to our starting point in Qaleraligd Fjord.

We absolutely wanted our trip to start and end at sea level and to use only
minimal logistics. Laasinnguaq dropped us off on the sea ice that beset the
end of Qaleraligd Fjord with the 'Tattak'. Carl picked us up with a small open
fishing boat.
The different choices in starting points, and logistics are also reflected in the elevation profiles of the three expeditions.

Elevation profiles for the three expeditions.

Wings over Greenland II does not cut on corners!

The meaning of an icecap circumnavigation would be a vast subject on its own. Contrary to sailing around an island, there are no simple criteria, and everyone just did the best with the conditions at hand. On our side, we tried to round as much of the icecap as possible. And we simply did not want to cut on corners. Starting far south in Qaleraligd Fjord, we covered nearly 20 degrees of latitude up to our turning point at the 'confluence' of latitude 81 N with meridian 40 W. And in our futile diversion to home in on the automatic weather station Humboldt-Glacier on our way up, and to get as close as possible to the mountains during our way down, we went further east and west than the other teams. Admittedly, west and east are 'cheap' at high latitude. And in the process we covered the largest percentage of the icecap surface, making Wings over Greenland II the most complete circumnavigation today. Greenland Ice did just round 'South Dome', the southern summit of the icecap, whereas Inuit Windsled finally had to cut north of it to our understanding.

Wings over Greenland goes the extra mile!

When Dixie and Eric celebrated the 'first' circumnavigation of the Greenland Icecap with beer and shower, we had already covered more than 4000 km and still a long way to go. Actually long enough to beat the previous record for the longest trip on skis in full autonomy by Dixie Dansercoer and Sam Deltour. At the time of writing Wings over Greenland is the longest ride ever.

Certainly, we came in second. But all things considered we think: second to none!

Its safe to assume, that the others have similar feelings regarding their own expedition. Each team has their very own achievements. Congratualtions! We had a fun time 'competing' out there!


The fine print: The comparison shown here is based on data that was made publicly available on the three teams websites. The different claims and achievements are sufficiently clear that there should be no ambiguity. Yet for the matter of completeness, and to illustrate the difficulty of dealing with this type of data we would like to point out the following issues:

GPS points:
All three expeditions gave regular updates and made their positions public. Yet unfortunately there is sometimes confusion with the respective GPS formats used (for ex. degrees minutes seconds vs decimal degrees) and there are some more or less obvious typos (for ex. different maps of the spanish team show slightly different positions and values differing by exactly one digit).

Measuring distances at this scale is far from obvious. Great circle distances? Great circle distances including the ellipticity of the idealized surface of the earth? Including elevation?
From camp to camp (that what we have used)? From stop to stop? How many updates, when kiting round the clock in shift work like Inuit Windsled? The trip odometer including tacking? This is where the included surface becomes an interesting measure - tacking would somehow average out.

Area / surface:
Calculating the surface of a weirdly shaped polygon (our respective routes) wrapped on an supposedly elliptical surface (earth) with corners at different elevations (waypoints) is even more tricky.  We tried to get it approximately right, evaluating the surface with the Geographic Information System software package QGIS Chugiak 2.4.0 using the WGS 84 ellipsoid.

Wednesday, September 3, 2014

The Longest Ride

Wings Over Greenland II is the longest expedition on skis in full autonomy ever - as of today, 03/09/2014, and to the best of our knowledge.

During our circumnavigation of the Greenland icecap we covered a total of 5067 km!

5067 km. The longest ride ever. Wings Over Greenland II, 2014, Michael
Charavin and Cornelius Strohm. Start and end at sea level in Qaleraligd
Fjord, close to Narsaq. Click to enlarge.

Just enough to beat the previous record of 5013 km established by Dixie Dansercoer and Sam Deltour  in their  attempt to circumnavigate East Antarctica with the "Antarctic Ice Expedition" in 2011-12.

5013 km. Antarctic Ice 2011-12, Dixie Dansercoer and Sam Deltour. Points
were taken from the book "Beyond the challenge". Not all intermediate
positions were reported. Start and end: drop-off and pick-up on the icecap
by airplane. Click to enlarge.

Which had exceeded the former longest ski trip of 4804 km by Rune Gjeldnes on his "Join! expedition" in 2005-06.

4804 km. Join! expedition 2005-06, Rune Gjeldnes. Points were taken
from the book "Beyond the poles". Start: Novolazarevskaya Station in
Queen Maud Land, end at sea level in Terra Nova Bay in Victoria Land.
Click to enlarge.

We are excited to see what will come next! There is still a little room for more in Greenland, and a look at the map of Antarctica allows one to dream of distances beyond 7000 km! If someone has the necessary ideas, courage, and legs strong enough to set out and complete Dixies original plan...

Distances, as given by the expeditions. In our case: as calculated by the Garmin Foretrex 301, including start, landfall, camps and arrival.


"Beyond The Poles" by Rune Gjeldnes
ISBN 978-82-995661-4-8
The book can be ordered from Runes website: Rune Gjeldnes, Adventurer and Lecturer

"Beyond The Challenge" by Dixie Dansercoer and Sam Deltour
ISBN 978-94-6161-052-2
The book is available through